AEG was retained to value over 25 grocery stores and real estate, as well as to value the equity owned by two individuals in the subject businesses for planning purposes. We used an income-based approach to individually value each store. We also performed an industry analysis, geographic and market analysis, and economic overview for the […]
Patrick L. Anderson
This book brings to light an expanded valuation toolkit, consisting of nine well-defined valuation principles hailing from the fields of economics, finance, accounting, taxation, and management. It ultimately argues that the “value functional” approach to business valuation avoids most of the shortcomings of its competitors, and more correctly matches the actual motivations and information set held by stakeholders.
The vast majority of businesses in the United States are privately held, and approximately 99 percent meet a common government definition of “small.” However, we know surprisingly little about the market values of these organizations. In this paper, we estimate the market value of privately held firms in the United States from sources on earnings, assets, and reported market value of multiple forms of business entities, including corporations, partnerships, LLCs, and sole proprietorships. We discuss various theoretical and practical methods of valuing assets, including those arising from economics, neoclassical finance, portfolio theory, and tradition. Concluding that most of them are not appropriate for valuing private firms, we use insights from dynamic programming and ratio analyses from traditional technique to produce a new estimate based on reported taxable earnings, net worth, and tax filing status. Using this approach, we estimate that privately held U.S. firms had earnings that exceeded those of publicly held firms in two recent years by a significant margin. Moreover, the market value of these firms exceeded that of publicly traded firms. We also conclude that policymakers, perhaps grossly, underestimate the true scale of “small” and privately held firms in the economy.
A law firm engaged Anderson Economic Group, LLC on behalf of Cooper Wiring Devices, Inc. to examine outsourcing and to consider its impact specifically, the impact on consumers and the macroeconomic implications as a whole.
Our report first discusses the history of outsourcing, the economic theories, some important political turning points and the fundamental reasons companies outsource. We reviewed the prevalence of outsourcing and employment as well as the relationship between outsourcing and quality. Profiles of well known global companies in various business sectors that have chosen to outsource, such as Boeing and Xerox, were also analyzed.
Finally, we reviewed the outsourcing behavior of six competitors of Cooper Wiring Devices, including Leviton, and provided data showing what all six companies had outsourced to China and Mexico. We discuss why outsourcing is such an important business strategy for well run companies that must stay competitive in a global environment if they want to survive.
Our analysis focused on the future cash flow that the mortgage wholesale operation would have generated had the plaintiff been allowed to continue directing the operation. The operation was set up as a unit of a larger bank, and generated income through interest earned on its loan portfolio, and by selling loans on the secondary market. To determine the value of this operation we estimated overall loan generation in coming years, taking into account economic and market changes and which loans would be added to the portfolio and which would be sold to the secondary market. Expenses of the operation were also forecasted, allowing us to estimate cash flows for the operation. These cash flows were then discounted to the present day to arrive at the value of the operation.
The findings of our analysis were summarized in an expert report which was used for settlement purposes. Shortly after our report was submitted our client accepted a favorable settlement offer.
A Chicago based commercial litigation firm, retained Anderson Economic Group, LLC as a expert in a matter involving the value of contractual rights to a share of profits earned by a mortgage wholesale operation. Our work was done on behalf of the plaintiff, who was seeking damages for termination of contact.