Anderson Economic Group Work

AEG’s Monthly AndCan Index

Anderson Economic Group’s AndCan Index is a monthly report that monitors U.S. demand for cannabis products in all 50 states. The AndCan Index was launched in June 2017. It builds upon (1) three years of comprehensive coverage of the U.S. cannabis market and assessments of demand by Anderson Economic Group, (2) a rigorous methodology that has been presented in technical papers at two conferences of professional economists, and (3) more than two decades of business consulting experience worldwide. Comments from other economists and additional research by Anderson Economic Group consultants have also been incorporated into the AndCan Index.

For the most recent releases of the AndCan Index, follow the links below:

May 2019
April 2019
March 2019
February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018

The interactive visualization below presents the AndCan Index since January 2015.

How the AndCan Index is constructed

The AndCan Index originates from tens of thousands of data points, including recreational and medical sales in states where cannabis products sales are legal (where available for Alaska, California, Colorado, Oregon, Nevada, and Washington). In addition, it includes calculations for the latent (unobserved) demand in emerging markets across the remainder of the 50 states.

Adjustments are made based on the concentration of cannabis in products that are sold both medically and recreationally—a highly-potent marijuana cigarette is indicative of greater demand for cannabis than a low-potency, cannabis-oil-infused beverage, for instance—as well as the market-share of these products, and pricing differences from state-to-state.

In those states where legal sales are not available, we estimated latent demand from survey data on marijuana usage, alcoholic beverage consumption and spending, and demographic data. Estimates are made for each state based on that state’s unique data.

Monthly data on actual purchases in states where the products are legal are the primary drivers of month-to-month variation in the AndCan Index. As states change their laws, AndCan captures the transition from latent demand to observed demand without the distortion that would be caused by incorrectly assuming that all taxable sales in newly-legalized states represent growth in consumer demand.

Historical data dates back to the start of 2015. All values are indexed to the period of the November 2016 U.S. general election. The index structure means that any value greater than 100 indicates that the market demand has increased since the baseline period of November 2016.

The same market expertise is used in the publication The Market for Legal Cannabis Products in the 50 United States—AEG’s 265 page, state-by-state analysis. This report is one of the most comprehensive on the economics of the cannabis industry, estimating market demand—for recreational marijuana and the use of marijuana-related products—in each of the 50 United States.

The report is in its Second Edition and was updated following results from the nine ballot initiatives in the 2016 election. For more information on the report, visit